A monument of ancient farming trends, Sarazm was discovered by an archaeologist Abdullojan Isakov in fall of 1976. The ancient settlement was discovered at the site that lies 15 kilometers towards the west of Panjakent and 45 kilometers towards the east of Samarkand. The initial total area of the monument was 130 hectares. The settlement must have undergone through intensive development for more than 1000 years reaching its apex at the time of late Neolith and early Bronze age. The economics of Sarazm was primarily based on farming livestock raising and handicraft production. At the end of 4 thousand years b.c. Sarazm has become one of the largest states in Central Asia for metallurgy production. This was achieved by the great abundance of gold, silver, copper and tin found in Zeravshan highlands.


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